Categories: Ebira Lifestyle

Traditional dressing and attire of Ebira people: All you should know


Talking about the cultural heritage of Ebira people will be incomplete without mentioning their traditional dressing and attire .  Their traditional clothing reflects their rich traditions, cultural values, and social identity. The Ebira people form the northern part of Kogi state. Two aspect of their lifestyle that relates with the Hausas, fulani, or the northern part of Nigeria is the  way they dress and their religion. In fact, some Ebira people look exactly like Hausa. Some traditional attire  of Ebira also likens to that of the yoruba people. The Ebira people have the itinochi known as “ofi” in yoruba. Ebira people are believed to make the best itinochi in Nigeria.

One of the distinctive features of Ebira traditional attire is the use of color to express feelings or pass a message. There are colors used to express joy, sadness or mourning, and other feelings. For example, white in some occassion represent or happy mood. When a person passes away, the ebira people in the past, must wear a clothing that is at least lined with black color, the black color indicates that they are mourning, especially when many people are gathered as a congregation.

Ebira peple also wear attires such as aso-oke, ankara, adire, and damask, among others which are similar to those worn by Yoruba people. In other cases, they wear veils, use tattoos, guinea material, jalabias, kaftan, yeribaba, which are similar to those worn by the hausa. Ebira people can also use the itinochi (handwoven clothes) to sew any style such as iro and buba or kaftan as the case may be. The itinochi are often used during festival celebrations to sew any style of choice.

Another important aspect of Ebira traditional dressing is the use of traditional accessories. These accessories not only to complement the attire but also carry cultural significance. Beads play a significant role in Ebira culture and are often worn as necklaces, waistbands, and bracelets. The beads are especially used by women and if used by men, denotes royalty or nobility. In some cases, the colors and patterns of the beads hold spiritual meanings related to fertility, protection, and spirituality.

Furthermore, the Ebira people have specific attire for special occasions and ceremonies. For example, during weddings, both men and women wear traditional attires made of quality fabrics lined with beautiful designs. Itinochi which is weaved by ebira women is used to sew the wedding clothes which are worn by the brides and groom.

Traditional attire for ceremonies and festivals in Ebiraland

In Ebiraland, customary ceremonies, festivals, and rites hold immense cultural significance, and special traditional attires are worn to commemorate and honor these occasions. These attires vary depending on the specific event, and each carries its own meaning. We will be discussing some of the traditional attires for different customary ceremonies, festivals, and rites in Ebiraland.

Echori Festival

Echori is a major festival celebrated once every year by the Ebira people to mark the end of the harvest season and give thanks to the deity for a bountiful harvest.  The festival is announced by Ekuoba, an herald masquerade dressed in Ubanito, a special clothing material lined with indigo. During this festival, men wear the “Oyize” attire, which is an embroidered agbada  made from Itinochi. The Oyize is adorned with colorful patterns which signifies prosperity and unity. Women wear the “Echanenwu” attire, a beautiful material made into wrapper, a blouse, and  in some cases, they use the Ibobo (head scarf)  This is also made from the Itinochi. Occassionally , the women also makes use of Uweyi (beads) such as Oveneh or Isuuh

Traditional Weddings

Traditional weddings in Ebiraland are grand celebrations that involve the exchange of cultural vows and the joining of two clans or families. The marriage rites is divided into two stage, the isewere and isobanyin.

In the past, the bride and the groom attire is made from hand-woven, itinochi. Customarily, the bride and the groom wear sew with the same design of itionochi. This is still the same practice till now, if a traditional wedding will be done. The itinochi is sew into wrapper and blouse for the bride while it is sew into Aru (agbada) and Aruchi(trouser). In some cases, it might be embroided but it is not compulsory. The groom and the bride use the Isuuh or omoh bead. The atire worn by the groom is collectively called ize, symbolizing wealth, prosperity and marital bliss.

Naming Ceremonies

Naming ceremonies known as irehozi in Ebiraland are joyous occasions that celebrate the birth of a child and the bestowing of a name. During these ceremonies, parents dress their newborns in the “Irehozi” attire, a special outfit that represents blessings and good fortune for the newly born baby.

Coronation Ceremonies

Coronation ceremonies are significant events that mark the ascension of a new traditional ruler or chief in Ebiraland. The attire worn during these ceremonies reflects the prestige and authority of the ruler. The chief wears the “Ohinoyi” attire, a majestic robe made from luxurious aso-oke fabric, embellished with intricate embroidery, gold threads, and royal symbols. The Ohinoyi attire is accompanied by a beaded crown or a ceremonial hat, symbolizing the ruler’s authority. Other members of the community also dress in their finest traditional attires to honor and pay respect to the new ruler.

Traditional styles for men and women

Summarily, in Ebiraland, customarily men (Onoru Anebira) wear aru, amu and aruchi, while women (Onyene Anebira) wear irapa, aru and ibobo.


The traditional dressing and attire of the Ebira people are a reflection of their cultural identity and heritage. The use of colorful fabrics, intricate designs, and traditional accessories distinguishes their attire and showcases their rich cultural traditions. The traditional dressing not only serves as a form of self-expression but also reinforces a sense of community and pride among the Ebira people.


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